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Braces are dental tools that help correct problems with your teeth, like crowding, crooked teeth, or teeth that are out of alignment. Many people get braces when they’re teenagers, but adults get them too. As you wear them, braces slowly straighten and align your teeth so you have a normal bite. Some people get braces to adjust their smile.

Traditional braces

These braces require the help of elastics (modules) to tie the orthodontic wire around the teeth and
cause movements.
Traditionally braces are of two types:
1. Metal Braces
Metal braces are the basic braces made of stainless steel. They are very good for severe crowding cases and are usually preferred by younger children not conscious about esthetics. What they lack in esthetics they more than make up in strength and durability.

2. Ceramic Braces
Ceramic braces are usually preferred by older children and females who are more concerned about esthetics. They work the same way as metal braces but have much lesser visibility. They have soft rounded edges too which prevents ulcer formation and scratches in the lip and check area.

Self-Ligating Braces

These braces do not require the help of elastics (modules) to tie the orthodontic wire. They have in-built clips inside them which hooks on to the wire and helps to ligate or tie it around the bracket by itself, hence the term Self-ligating. This has the following benefits:

  • Tightening by elastics not needed, no pain during treatment
  • Possible to avoid extraction in most cases
  • Smaller in size so less visible
  • Monthly visits not needed
  • It prevents build up of plaque around brackets
  • Promotes better oral hygiene

It has the following types:

  1. Metal Self-ligating braces

These are the same as traditional metal braces, without the need for elastics. They are usually preferred by teenagers who wish to avoid extractions and are concerned about pain felt during braces treatment.


  1. Ceramic Self-ligating braces

These are the best variety of braces. They serve all criteria of esthetics, comfort, timely treatment and good results.



Fixed Retainers

After completion of orthodontic treatment, the teeth try to go back to their original position due to the elastic pull of fibres present in gums. In order to prevent this, a thin, wire is fixed on to the lingual/ back surface of teeth which holds the teeth in the final position for at least a year.
This wire is not visible from the front and does not interfere while talking or eating.
After doing this, relapse does not occur and teeth do not move from their new position.