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Paediatric Dentistry

Paediatric dentists are devoted to taking care of the oral health of children from infancy through the teen years. They have the experience and qualifications to care for a child’s teeth, gums, and mouth throughout the dynamic stages of childhood.
What is the significance of Paediatric Dentistry?
Humans start teething when they are as young as 6 months old and develop their set of primary ‘milk’ teeth. At the age of 6-7 years, humans start losing their milk teeth and the permanent set of teeth start emerging.
It is very often believed that considering the milk teeth will eventually fall off, visiting to the dentist is deemed unnecessary. THIS IS WRONG.
Milk teeth or commonly termed as the baby teeth form the basis of development of permanent teeth. If proper care is not taken the problems can emerge which will last a lifetime. In recent years the cases of caries in children have grown leaps and bounds. Therefore, it is always advised to start taking care of your baby’s teeth in the very early stages of their life. This includes setting Oral Hygiene routine and regular visits to pediatric dentist.
When should the first visit to the Paediatric Dentist be?
It is recommended that a child should be taken for the first dental visit within six months after the baby’s first tooth appears, but no later than the child’s first birthday.
Treatment options in Kids

Root Canal Treatment in milk teeth

If you think your child is too young to need root canal treatment, think again. Root canal treatment in children is termed as PULPECTOMY. If the baby teeth have been injured, or if decay has advanced deep into the roots of your child’s teeth, a root canal treatment is mandatory.
Root canal treatment removes the infection from the pulp, the living tissue that is found inside the tooth’s roots. The pulp contains the tooth’s nerves, so tooth pain is often an indication that decay has moved into the pulp.
Root canal treatment is a simple procedure wherein instruments are used to clean the root canals of teeth followed by inserting a medicated filling material so as to maintain the teeth properly in the oral cavity.

Is Root Canal enough? NO.

What is a dental crown ?

A dental crown is a “cap” or a cover that is put over a tooth in order to restore its normal size, shape, and function. A crown makes the tooth strong and improvise its appearance. Kids’ crown also acts as a complete cover to prevent the baby tooth from any further bacterial attack or infection.

What if you cannot save a tooth?

A space maintainer is an appliance that is custom-made and can be either removable or cemented onto a tooth in child’s mouth. Very often a child loses a tooth way before its normal age of exfoliation, this space needs to be preserved to allow the permanent tooth to emerge into that space. It’s purpose is to keep the space open in order to prevent malalignment of permanent teeth in future.
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE
This is often heard but seldom practiced. However, This phrase is applicable more than ever in dentistry because the longer dental problems go unaddressed, the treatments can become exponentially expensive and painful. Pediatric Dentistry aims to implement this and identify tooth issues at the grassroot level and prevent it from getting worse.
Oral Habits In Children
Frequently children acquire certain habits that may either temporarily or permanently be harmful to teeth and tooth supporting structures. These habits are acquired as a result of repetition. In the initial stages, there is a conscious effort to perform the act. Later the act becomes less conscious and if repeated often enough may enter the realms of unconsciousness. Some common oral habits seen in children include thumb sucking, mouth breathing, tongue thrusting, lip biting, grinding of teeth and nail-biting.
Certain reminding appliances called habit breaking appliances assist the child who is willing to quit the habit but is not able to do so as the habit has entered the subconscious level.

Pit and Fissure Sealants

Tooth decay occurs much faster in children than in adults. Sealants should be applied to a child’s teeth as soon as possible, before decay has had a chance to set in. These invisible plastic coatings fill the tiny grooves in the back teeth, so they do not become a breeding haven for bacteria. Decay will not start under a fissure sealant because the decay-causing organisms are deprived of the food and oxygen they need to flourish. The use of sealants substantially reduces the risk of tooth decay by keeping food and bacteria out of cavity prone areas.

Fluoride Treatment

Tooth decay occurs much faster in children than in adults. Sealants should be applied to a child’s teeth as soon as possible, before decay has had a chance to set in. These invisible plastic coatings fill the tiny grooves in the back teeth, so they do not become a breeding haven for bacteria. Decay will not start under a fissure sealant because the decay-causing organisms are deprived of the food and oxygen they need to flourish. The use of sealants substantially reduces the risk of tooth decay by keeping food and bacteria out of cavity prone areas.