root canal Treatment
The outer portion of the tooth is composed of three layers- Enamel, Dentin and Pulp. Until the cavity is limited to the enamel or/and dentin it can be saved with a dental filling. The soft core is called dental pulp. The pulp extends from the crown — the visible part of the tooth — to the tip of the tooth’s root in the jawbone. The pulp contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. When a tooth is cracked or has a deep cavity, bacteria can enter the pulp. Left untreated, bacteria and decaying material can cause a serious infection or a tooth abscess, leading to pulp death, bone loss and loss of the tooth itself.
Signs & Symptoms
• A hole in your tooth
• Toothache or tooth pain
• Gum swelling
• Temperature sensitivity.
• A local anesthetic to control pain
• Decay is removed, and an opening is made through the crown of the tooth to gain access to the pulp chamber.
• Using small dental instruments, the infected or diseased pulp is removed.
How to clear the root canal infection?
• The root canals are then reshaped and enlarged to allow better access for filling later. Before permanently filling the root canals, they should be clean of all infection and dried. Medication is sometimes put into the pulp chamber and root canal to clear any infection. The tooth may be left open to drain for several days.
• If the root canal requires multiple visits, a temporary filling is placed in the crown to protect the tooth and keep out debris and saliva.
What are root canals filled with?
• A sealer paste and rubber compound is used to fill the tooth, followed by a dental filling to make sure the root canals are protected from saliva.
How is a root canal treated tooth protected?
• This is usually done by placing a crown — a realistic-looking artificial tooth. Sometimes, a metal post must first be inserted in the tooth for structural support and to keep the crown in place.
Painless Root canal
• Removal of inflamed or infected tooth material
• Cleaning and disinfection
• Filling and sealing with an inert material
• Restoration and crown/cap