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root canal Treatment

What is a RCT?
Root canal is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it. The term “root canal” comes from cleaning of the canals inside a tooth’s root
Why do you need a root canal?

The outer portion of the tooth is composed of three layers- Enamel, Dentin and Pulp. Until the cavity is limited to the enamel or/and dentin it can be saved with a dental filling. The soft core is called dental pulp. The pulp extends from the crown — the visible part of the tooth — to the tip of the tooth’s root in the jawbone. The pulp contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. When a tooth is cracked or has a deep cavity, bacteria can enter the pulp. Left untreated, bacteria and decaying material can cause a serious infection or a tooth abscess, leading to pulp death, bone loss and loss of the tooth itself.

Signs & Symptoms

• Swelling around your face and neck
• A hole in your tooth
• Toothache or tooth pain
• Gum swelling
• Temperature sensitivity.

Procedure

• Dental X-rays to check the extent of damage.
• A local anesthetic to control pain
• Decay is removed, and an opening is made through the crown of the tooth to gain access to the pulp chamber.
• Using small dental instruments, the infected or diseased pulp is removed.

How to clear the root canal infection?

• After the diseased pulp is removed, the pulp chamber and root canals are flushed and cleaned.
• The root canals are then reshaped and enlarged to allow better access for filling later. Before permanently filling the root canals, they should be clean of all infection and dried. Medication is sometimes put into the pulp chamber and root canal to clear any infection. The tooth may be left open to drain for several days.
• If the root canal requires multiple visits, a temporary filling is placed in the crown to protect the tooth and keep out debris and saliva.

What are root canals filled with?

• After cleaning and drying, it’s time to fill the interior of the tooth — the empty pulp chamber and root canals.
• A sealer paste and rubber compound is used to fill the tooth, followed by a dental filling to make sure the root canals are protected from saliva.

How is a root canal treated tooth protected?

• The final stage of the root canal is restoring your tooth. Because the tooth typically has a large filling or is weakened from extensive decay, it needs to be protected from future damage and returned to normal function.
• This is usually done by placing a crown — a realistic-looking artificial tooth. Sometimes, a metal post must first be inserted in the tooth for structural support and to keep the crown in place.

Painless Root canal

Root Canal Treatment is a procedure done when the tooth decay reaches the pulp (innermost layer of the tooth) causing inflammation. It is necessary to save the damaged tooth from extraction. The procedure involves:
• Removal of inflamed or infected tooth material
• Cleaning and disinfection
• Filling and sealing with an inert material
• Restoration and crown/cap