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What Is Teeth Cleaning Or Scaling

An Insight On What Is Teeth Cleaning Or Scaling, What Are The Things To Remember After The Procedure Is Done.

Teeth scaling and polishing are crucial aspects of dental care that contribute to maintaining good oral health.

WHAT IS SCALING?

Scaling involves the removal of plaque, tartar and bacteria from the teeth and below the gum line, while polishing smoothens the tooth surface and removes the stains. These procedures typically come under preventive dental care and are often performed by either dental hygeinists or dentists.

Scaling is necessary because plaque, a sticky film containing bacteria , continously forms on the teeth. If not removed, plaque hardens to form tartar( also known as calculus), which cannot be removed by brushing alone. Tartar buildup can lead to gum disease, cavities and other oral issues. Scaling removes both plaque and tartar, preventing these problems and ultimately improving oral health.

During the scaling process, the dental professional uses specialised tools to gently remove the plaque and tartar from the teeth. This may involve hand scalers, ultrasonic scalers, or a combination of both. Hand scalers are small metal instruments with pointed tips, wheras ultrasonic scalers use water and vibrations to break down the tartar. The choice of instruments depends on the requirement of the patient and the type of deposits.

Once scaling is complete, the teeth are polished to smoothen their surface and remove any remaining plaque or stains. Polishing id typically done using a rubber cup attached to a dental handpiece. The cup is coated with a gritty toothpaste-like substance called prophylaxis paste, which helps to remove the surface stains and create a smooth, shiny finish on the teeth.

POST OPERATIVE INSTRUCTIONS POST SCALING AND POLISHING:

  • AVOID HARD OR STICKY FOOD:

For  48 hours post the procedure, it is best to avoid foods that are too hard, crunchy or sticky. these can irritate the gums and teeth as they maybe slightly sensitive.

  • GENTLE BRUSHING AND FLOSSING:

While it is essential to maintain good oral hygeine, its important to be gentle when brushing and flossing after scaling and polishing. Use a soft bristled brush and gentle circular motions to avoid irritating the gums.

  • USE A DESENSITIZING TOOTHPASTE:

Some patients experience temporary sensitivity in their teeth after scaling and polishing. Therefore, using a desensitizing toothpaste can help alleviate the symptoms and give relief. Commonly used brands are Thermoseal RA and Sensodyne Repair and Protect.

  • WARM SALINE RINSES:

Rinsing the mouth with salt water few times a day in the first 48 hours after the procedure can help in tightening of the inflammed gums which often happens after teeth scaling and polishing.

  • AVOIDING SMOKING AND ALCOHOL:

Smoking and Alcohol can interfere with the healing and process and increase the risk of complications. It’s best to avoid these substances for at least 24 hours following the procedure.

  • ATTENDING FOLLOW UP APPOINTMENTS:

Follow-up appointments maybe necessary to ensure that the gums are healing properly and to address any concerns or questions that arise after scaling and polishing.

  • MAINTAINING REGULAR DENTAL VISITS:

Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential for maintaining oral health and preventing future problems. Depending on individual needs, dental professionals may recommend scheduling cleanings every six months or more frequently.

In conclusion, teeth scaling and polishing are essential components of preventive dental care that help maintain oral health and prevent common dental problems. Following post-operative instructions is crucial for ensuring optimal healing and long -term oral health. By incorporating these practices into their oral hygiene routine, patients can enjoy healthy, beautiful smiles for years to come.

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